Testicular cancer is a rare tumor that is most common for young men. It develops from germ cells, which transform and produce seminal fluid. There are 2 types of testicular cancer: seminomas and non-seminomatous cancer.
This tumor has a relatively good prognosis, including metastatic stages.
Risk factors that may contribute to this type of cancer are cryptorchidism when the testicle is in the abdominal cavity. This is a common childhood defect. Testicular cancer usually affects one testicle.
A person who has had testicular cancer is more at risk of developing a tumor on another testicle. Symptoms are palpation of the solid mass in the testes, painless to the touch, which increases in size over time. Gynecomastia associated with the production of the tumor hormone HCG may also develop.
The detection of this type of cancer is usually done by self-palpation. It is recommended for men over the age of 14, and especially for patients with a history of cryptorchidism.
In practice, self-palpation (conducting searches for the presence of a small solid, painless mass) of each testicle is best done when exiting the shower, heat allows you to relax the scrotum (you need to rotate the testicle with the thumb on the other 4 fingers).